Preserve Your Vision With Dover Eye Clinic

Diabetic Retinopathy in Dover

Preserve Your Vision With Dover Eye Clinic

(931) 232-5118

Have diabetes?

Experiencing changes in vision, such as blurriness and eye floaters?

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the leading causes of vision loss around the world. Of an estimated 285 million people with diabetes mellitus worldwide, approximately one-third have signs of diabetic retinopathy.

Fortunately, there are several steps people with diabetes can take to prevent or minimize vision loss.

Blood sugar level check


What Is Diabetic Retinopathy?

noraml eye and an eye with  diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease caused by high blood sugar levels that damage the small blood vessels clustered within your retina. This leads to swelling or fluid leakage and can result in vision loss and even blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy also raises the risk of retinal detachment and/or glaucoma.

Because the early stages of diabetic retinopathy show no symptoms, many don't realize they have it until the disease has progressed.

If you have diabetes, you are at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. To reduce your risk and protect your vision, schedule an eye exam with Dover Eye Clinic today.


What Are the Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy?

diabetic-retinopothy-oct-scan

As mentioned above, the early phase of diabetic retinopathy typically shows no symptoms. This is why it's important to have routine eye exams (all the more so if you have diabetes), as your eye doctor can detect diabetic retinopathy in its earlier stages before symptoms become apparent.

Symptoms of proliferative diabetic retinopathy include:
  • Blurred vision
  • Floaters
  • Double vision
  • Near vision problems
  • Seeing dark spots (scotomas)
  • Difficulty seeing at night

What are the Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy?

Non-Proliferative Retinopathy (early stage):
This occurs when small bulges–or microaneurysms–form in blood vessels and can leak fluid into the retina.

Proliferative Retinopathy (later phase):
This refers to abnormal vessel growth and leakage in the retina. This triggers a variety of vision problems such as blurriness, reduced field of vision, and even blindness.

If you have diabetes, Dover Eye Clinic in Dover offers diagnostic tests and treatment options to help preserve your vision. The earlier the diagnosis, the better the treatment outcome.

Diabetic-Retinopathy-Bllod-sugar-level-checker


How Optometrists Diagnose Diabetic Retinopathy

  • Medical history

    Your optometrist will ask about your medical history, including diabetes, as well as your family history of eye conditions.

  • Dilated pupil exam

    Your optometrist will apply eye drops to dilate the pupils so they can see inside the eye and detect any issues.

  • Fluorescein angiography

    This eye test uses a special dye and camera to look at blood flow in the retina and choroid.

  • Optical coherence tomography

    This imaging method shows a cross-section of the retina and can indicate whether vessels are leaking fluid into the retina.


How to Treat Diabetic Retinopathy

senior man with diabetic retinopathy

Treatment begins with managing blood sugar levels and diabetes. This means eating a healthy diet, increasing physical activity, and taking whatever diabetes medication has been prescribed.

Other treatments will depend on the stage or severity of the disease. If caught early, only blood sugar management may be necessary.

However, if you're in a more advanced stage of the diseases, treatment options may include:
  • Eye medications. Steroid and Anti-VEGF treatments can stop inflammation and prevent the formation of new blood vessels.
  • Laser surgery. Reduces the proliferation of abnormal blood vessels and swelling in the retina.
  • Vitrectomy. If you have proliferative diabetic retinopathy, you may need an eye surgery called vitrectomy. This procedure removes scar tissue, blood or fluid, and some of the vitreous gel so light rays can better focus on the retina.

Diabetic Retinopathy FAQs

What are the major risk factors for diabetic retinopathy?

As the name suggests, diabetes is the main risk factor for developing diabetic retinopathy. Be mindful of your family history of type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, get an annual eye exam to detect potential problems early.

Other conditions such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol are also risk factors. Moreover, those of African or Hispanic descent have a higher risk of developing diabetic retinopathy.

Can diabetic retinopathy be prevented?

There are a number of ways to preserve your vision and reduce the risk of vision and eye damage due to diabetic retinopathy.

  • Visit your eye doctor for annual eye exams.
  • Control your blood sugar levels.
  • Maintain healthy cholesterol levels and blood pressure.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Quit smoking.

The best thing you can do right now is to schedule your eye exam with Dover Eye Clinic in Dover to ensure that everything is in check.

Does diabetic retinopathy cause blindness?

Diabetic retinopathy is one of the main causes of blindness among work-aged adults. It affects one in three people with diabetes and often goes unnoticed at first. Diagnosing and treating the condition early on can prevent severe vision loss.

Patient Reviews
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156 Reviews
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- Jun. 19, 2024
Very friendly and very professional.
- May. 15, 2024
Dr John maria is the best.
- Mar. 25, 2024
Dr. Maria is awesome, I was super nervous because I’ve been seeing lots of floaters but after chec... king my eyes he assured me they were fine. Explained everything thoroughly and was very personable. Also did not belittle me about being nervous during my visit! The rest of the staff was so kind as well! I left feeling taken care of.
- Mar. 04, 2024
Love my Dover Eye Clinic people ❤️
- Feb. 09, 2024
Great vision care by Dr. Maria and his staff. I have used this clinic for years and I have never bee... n disappointed.
- Feb. 06, 2024
Knowledgeable staff, great diagnostic technology, experienced doctor, and no long waits! Been going... there for years and I trust them.
- Feb. 05, 2024
Great service and fast turnaround for eyewear!!!
- Jan. 15, 2024
Great atmosphere, clean and great people
- Nov. 30, 2023
Friendly and knowledgeable staff, convenient location, and I love the new online scheduling option!
- Sep. 25, 2023
Love Dr. Maria's enthusiasm when I ace all my tests.
- Aug. 22, 2023
Best eye doctor ever!
- Jun. 23, 2023
The entire staff is friendly and professional
- May. 24, 2023
It's the only place I go. The staff is great and the Doc. is the best.
- May. 06, 2023
Great people, great services. Love Dr Maria
- Mar. 03, 2023
Dr. John is the best!
- Feb. 06, 2023
Dr. Maria is the best! Nice selection of frames.
- Feb. 04, 2023
Very child friendly. Explains all questions. Beautiful facility, great staff. One stop shop.
- Nov. 17, 2022
For as I'm concerned this is the best clinic in the area.
- Sep. 10, 2022
Wonderful atmosphere
- Sep. 05, 2022
Everyone there is very nice and attentive to my needs. I’m very pleased with the service provided....

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Diabetic Retinopathy Diagnosis & Treatment in Dover

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blood sugaer level testing kit

Have diabetes?

Early detection and timely treatment can prevent vision loss.

(931) 232-5118